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Full text of "Collection of designs for household furniture and interior decoration, in the most approved and elegant taste ... engraved on 158 plates, from original drawings"

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COLLECTION OF DESIGNS 

FOR 

HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE 

AND 

IJVTMRIOR E)ECOK*dTIOJV, 

IN THE MOST APPROVED AND ELEGANT TASTE; 

viz. 

Curtains ; Draperies ; Beds ; Cornices ; 

Chairs and Sofas for Parlors, Libraries, Draiuing Rooms, &c. ; 

Library Fauteuils ; Seats ; Ottomans ; Chaises Longue ; 

Tables for Libraries, Writing, Work, Dressing, &c. ; 

Sideboards ; Celerets ; Bookcases ; Screens ; Candelabri ; Chiffoniers ; 

Commodes ; Pier Tables ; Wardrobes ; Pedestals ;. Glasses ; 

Mirrors ; Lamps ; Jardiniers ; &c. : 

WITH 

VARIOUS DESIGNS FOR ROOMS, GEOMETRICAL AND IN PERSPECTIVE, 

SHEWING THE DECORATIONS, ADJUSTMENT OF THE FURNITURE, &c. 

ALSO 

SOME GENERAL OBSERVATIONS, 

AND 

A DESCRIPTION OF EACH PLATE. 



ENGRAVED ON 158 PLATES, FROM ORIGINAL DRAWINGS. 



BY GEORGE SMITH, 

UPHOLDER EXTRAORDINARY TO HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCE OF WALES. 



LONDON: 

PUBLISHED BY J.TAYLOR, AT THE ARCHITECTURAL LIBRARY, NO. 5Q, HIGH HOLBORN. 

1808. 



♦ - 






S. Gosneli, Printer, Little Queen Street. 



TO 



HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS 

GEORGE PRINCE OF WALES, 

SIR, 

Allow me to express the grateful Sense I 
entertain of Your Royal Highness's gracious Condescension, 
in granting Permission that this Work may be dedicated to so 
distinguished a Judge, a Patron of all that is elegant and 
usefully ornamental. 

Already appointed Upholder Extraordinary to Your 
Royal Highness, I feel an additional Pride from the 
Indulgence, and most respectfully subscribe myself, with all 
Deference and Humility, 

SIR, 

Your Royal Highness's 

Most humble and devoted Servant, 

GEORGE SMITH. 

Princess Street, ' 

Cavendish Square. 



a 2 



PREFACE. 



The taste and fashion in Furniture, and in the decorative parts of 
modern houses, have lately undergone so great a change, that an apology 
is not necessary for introducing this work to the public. The superb 
style in which Household Furniture, particularly the upholstery part, is 
now executed, and the classic elegance which guides the forms of 
Cabinet-work, render a publication of Designs on so important and 
costly a part of modern embellishment absolutely necessary, that the 
beauty and elegance displayed in the flttings-up of modern houses may 
not be confined to the stately mansions of our Nobility in the metropolis, 
but be published for the use of the country at large, as a guide to 
foreign nations, and as an evidence of the superior taste and skill ex- 
hibited in the manufactures of this country. 

Change in fashion becomes a source of wealth and commerce, and 
contributes to those daily occupations which make life preferable in 
civilized society, and, when founded on true taste, should be encouraged 
with all possible care, as well by the Virtuoso as by the true Patriot. I 
must here beg leave to congratulate my countrymen on the propitious 
change which has taken place in our national taste of Furniture : this 
has arisen from a more close investigation and imitation of the beautiful 
remains of ancient sculpture and painting, which have been studied by 
enlightened travellers, and also been laid before the public in various 
books of great cost and elegance. 



VI 



To His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales the highest praise is 
due, who has so liberally employed his elegant fancy and acknowledged 
good taste in promoting this noble pursuit after classic originals : and the 
elegant display of superior virtu exhibited in his palaces in Pall Mall and 
at Brighton, at the same time it evinces an enlightened and highly culti- 
vated mind, has not failed of exciting many noble persons to follow so 
laudable an example ; and I am happy to say, that a corresponding taste 
and liberality has been shewn by various gentlemen of high rank, who 
have lately exercised the most liberal encouragement of the best artists 
in the different departments concerned in the embellishments of modern 
houses. 

I cannot here do a better service to my brother artists, than by 
recommending them to study, with all care and assiduity, the numerous 
examples which may be selected from various antique specimens of 
sculpture and painting, which may be seen in the Galleries and Libraries 
of the curious : it is only by a minute observation of apparently the 
most trifling parts, that the studious artist becomes habituated to com- 
pare, to select, and to arrange ; taking not so much the mere pattern 
or imitation, but the spirit and principle on which the original was 
composed : hence will arise new forms and combinations in an endless 
variety, still keeping the original in view, according to the abilities of 
the designer and the skill of the workman. 

It must be observed, that the enlightened artist can only find suitable 
encouragement under the fostering care of men of large fortune and 
liberal minds ; and I am happy to say that scarcely any article for do- 
mestic use, possessing beauty of form or elegance of workmanship, but 
has been bought with a liberality and eagerness, which shews more 
want of able artists than of liberal patrons. 



Vll 



In selecting the articles and in composing the Designs for this work, 
I have been anxious to exhibit principally such as are suitable to elegant 
and polite life, and for adorning the most extensive mansion as well aa 
the social villa : and I flatter myself the work displays a variety of the 
newest patterns, combined with classic taste, for the plainest and for the 
most superb articles of modern furniture, studied from the best antique 
examples of the Egyptian, Greek, and Roman styles ; and to augment 
this variety, some Designs are given after the Gothic or old English 
fashion, and also according to the costume of China. 

How well I have succeeded in adopting, in the following Designs, 
the maxims and precepts which I have recommended to others, is not 
for me to say : yet I cannot but feel myself highly flattered in seeing so 
many of my inventions carried into execution by different workmen, 
and in having been myself employed by some of the most exalted cha- 
racters in the country to manufacture many of the Designs, some of 
which have been considered the most difficult to be executed. 

G.SL 



LIST of the PLATES. 



KATE 



•1. 

2. 
3. 

4. 
5. 
6. 

7. 

9- 

10. 

ji. 

12. 
13. 
14. 

15. 

16. 

17- 
18. 

^19- 

20. 
21. 

22. 
23. 



Drawing Room Window Cornices. 

Window Cornices and Drapery. 

Cornices and Drapery in the Chi- 
nese Style. 

Window Cornices, A. 

— Curtain, D. 

B. 

C. 

A. 

Military Window Curtain. 

Continued Drapery and Window 
Curtains, A. 

Ditto, B. 

Continued Drapery. 

Ditto. 

Bed Pillars. 

Bed Pillars and Footboard, A. 

Ditto, B. 

Bed Cornices, B. 

in the Gothic Style. 



Cribb Bedfiead. 
Tent Bed. 
Field Bed. 

Design for a Bed, B. 
Military Officer's Bed. 
24. Design for a Dome Bed. 



25. 
26. 

27. 

•28. 

29. 
^30. 

31. 

32. 
"33. 



Bed, 

Bed. 



A. 



Polonaise Bed. 
State Bed. 
French Bed. 



for a Recess. 



and Wardrobe, B. 

Ditto, A. 
Bed Steps. 
^•84. Hall Seats for Recesses. 

35. Hall Sofa and Hall Chairs. 

36. Hall Chairs. 

37. ParlorChairs, Fronts and Profiles. 
x38. Ditto. 



PLATE 

39. ParlorChairs, 

40. Ditto, A. 

41. Library Seats. 

42. — Fauteuil, with Desk, &c. 

43. Chair, C. 

44. Ditto, - - A. 

45. Ditto, - - B. 

46. Ditto, - - D. 

47 . Library Fauteuil. 

48. ■ in Profile. 

49. 

50. 

•51. 

52. 



Footstools. 

Ditto, B. 

Tete-a-Tete Seats. 

Window Seats. 
53. Drawing Room X Seats. 
54. Chairs in Profile. 

55. Ditto. 

56. Drawing Room Chairs, C. 

57. and Backs. 

58. State Chair * 

59. Sofas. 

60. Library Sofa. 

61. Drawing Room Sofa. 

62. Ditto. 

63. Chaise Longue in Profile. 

64. Ditto, - - - A. 

65. Ditto, - - - B. 

66. Ditto. 

67. Ottoman for Gallery. 



68. Music Room. 

69. Pillar and Claw Table. 

70. Harlequin Table. 

7 1 . Gentleman's Dressing Table. 

72. Dressing Tables. 

73. Ladies Dressing Table. 
74. and Glass. 

75. Work Table. 

76. Work Tables. 

77. Ditto with four Legs. 

78. Backgammon Work Table. 

A 



"LATE 


fLATE 


79. Tea Poys, Quartetto Tables, 


119- 


and Canterburies. 


120. 


80. Screen, Writing, and Work 


121. 


Table. 


122. 


81. Dejune Tables in the Chinese 


123. 


Style. 


124. 


82. Dejune Table. 


125. 


83. Sofa Table, A. 


126. 


84. Ditto, - - B, 


127. 


85. Ditto. 


128. 


86. Library Table. 


129. 


87. Ditto, B. 


130. 


88. Ditto, C. 


131. 


89. Ditto, circular. 


132. 


go. Dumb Waiters. 


133. 


91. Legs for Sideboards. 


134. 


92. Sideboard, A. 


135. 


93. Ditto, - - B. 


136. 


94. Ditto, - - C. 


137. 


95. Ditto, - - D. 


138. 


96. Pedestals fcr Sideboards. 


139. 


97. Celeret and Wine Cistern, in 


140. 


Gothic Style. 


141. 


98. Celerets. 




99. Bookcase, A. 


J 4!_. 


100. Cylinder Desk and Bookcase. 


143. 


10J. Secretaire Desk and Bookcase. 


144. 


102. Library Bookcase. 


145. 


103. Ditto. 


146. 


104. Dwarf Library Bookcase. 


147- 


.105. Ditto. 




106. Bookcase Doors 


148. 


107. Ditto. 


149. 


108. Screens. 




109. Ditto, B. 


150. 


110. Drawing Room Cheval Screens. 




111. Tripod Stands for Tables, 


151. 


Screens, &c. 


152. 


112. Drawing Room Candelabri, B. 






153. 


114. Chiffoniers. 


154. 


115. Ditto and Pier Commode. 


155. 


J 16. Bookshelf and Brackets 


156. 


.117. Drawing Room Commodes. 


157. 


118. Commodes. 


1 158. 



Commode for Drawing Room. 

Pier Table and Glass. 

Console Tables. 

Drawing Room Pier Table. 

Escrotore. 

Ditto on Legs. 

Cheval Dressing Glass, B. 

Ditto, _____ c. 

Ditto. 

Bason Stands. 

Night Tables. 

Pot Cupboards. 

Double Chest of Drawers. 

Ladies' Wardrobe. 

Wardrobe. 

Dwarf Wardrobe. 

Mirror, A. 

Ditto, B. 

Chandelier. 

Girandole. 

Candelabra and Pedestal. 

Chandelier. 

Girandole Vases and Candle- 
sticks. 

Pedestals for Statues, &c. 

Jardinieres. 

Stand for Flowers, &c. 

Decoration, A. 

Ditto, - B. 

Chimney Glass and Decorations, 
C. 

Ditto, D. 

Decoration for a Drawing Room 
in the Chinese Style. 

Decoration for a Drawing Room 
in the Gothic Style. 

Boudoir with Ottomans. 

State Drawing Room, shewing 
its Decoration and Furniture. 

Section and Plan of the same. 

1 Moldings- for Frames. 

I Moldings for Cabinet Work. 
Fretts. 






Xt 



PRELIMINARY REMARKS. 

The following Designs are arranged under the two principal features 
of the business, viz. the Upholsterer's Work, and the Cabinet-maker's 
Work ; and, previously to a description of each Plate, I shall offer a 
few remarks, which will, I trust, be considered both just and useful. 
The young artist, I must suppose, has attained sufficient knowledge of 
perspective and drawing to sketch any subject his eye may see, his 
fancy invent, or his employer suggest ; for, without an early attention 
to the imitative art, his hopes of attaining to eminence in his profession 
must be considerably abated. 

I shall consider the Upholder's Work under the general title of 

DRAPERY. 

In no part of his profession is the English Upholsterer more deficient 
than in the arrangement and in the forms of his Draperies, which arises 
entirely from the want of an attentive observation of what is easy and 
elegant : from this deficiency of knowledge, we often see silk and 
calico tormented into every other form than agreeable, natural Drapery. 
The mystery and difficulty of cutting-out would vanish, did the artist 
but apply his mind with resolution to conquer his established prejudices: 
to the workman very little knowledge is requisite beyond cutting-out 
what is usually called a festoon, the arrangement, whether for continued 
Drapery or for a single window, forming the principal difficulty ; one 
festoon, well and properly cut out, will answer for the whole : this 
difficulty once overcome, a little ingenuity will readily accomplish 
whatever else may be required. 

a 2 



xu 



I must here observe, for the guidance of the workman, the utter im- 
possibility of forming tasteful and well-flowing Draperies of the stiffened 
materials at present in general use ; it is nearly as practicable to throw 
buckram into easy and graceful Drapery, as the modern high-glazed 
stiffened calicoes : the stiffening must be dispensed with, or the utmost 
effort of the artist will be in vain. The pleasantest materials are silk 
and fine cloth. 

It may be proper here to mention the various sorts of materials used 
for the different descriptions of Curtains : for Eating Rooms and 
Libraries, a material of more substance is requisite than for Rooms of 
a lighter cast ; and for such purposes superfine cloth, or cassimere, will 
ever be the best ; the colours as fancy or taste may direct ; yet scarlet 
and crimson will ever hold the preference : undressed morine may be 
substituted for cloth, although it does not suit for every description of 
drapery : calico when used should be of one colour, in shades of moroon 
or scarlet. 

In elegant Drawing Rooms, plain coloured satin or figured damask 
assumes the first rank, as well for use as for richness : lustring and 
tabarays the next ; the latter, however, makes but indifferent drapery. 
Calico, the next in choice, and of so great variety of patterns, should, 
where good drapery is required, be glazed mellow : the small chintz 
patterns hold a preference in point of effect, especially for draperies. 
Salisbury flannel has been much used, but is of too slight a quality for 
curtains of large dimensions. 

The arrangement of Drapery for the different descriptions of apart- 
ments will ever be subject to the control of fancy ; Dining Rooms and 
Libraries being simple and plain in their decorations, require less va- 
riety in the drapery for their curtains. What is commonly called Roman 




Xlll 

drapery, and which in fact is taken from the Roman standards, may ge- 
nerally be adopted : a tasteful variety of forms lies entirely in the skill of 
the artist employed. For specimens I refer to Plates 2, 5, 6, 8, lo, 
11, 12, 13. 

For the decoration of elegant Drawing Rooms, the continuation of 
festoons, called continued drapery, holds a preference, the arrangement 
of which may be seen in Plates 1, 2, 4, 12, 13, 153. But as the de- 
corations of almost every room will admit of change in form, and the 
great difference of windows may also require an essentially different 
arrangement, the artist will have ample opportunity of displaying his 
taste and fancy according as circumstances may direct, by a proper 
choice and combination of the various patterns here laid before him. 

of cabinet-maker's work. 

I have much pleasure in declaring, that in the operative parts of 
cabinet-work, the workmen of England excel those of every other 
country in the accuracy and precision of the joiner's part, which is 
truly admirable. The artisans of France, attentive more to exterior 
effect, have attended principally to forms, and what relates to outline ; 
and herein they certainly have attained pre-eminence. 

It is to be regretted, that our higher class of artists do not give 
their attention, in some degree, to providing our manufacturers with 
patterns of tasteful outline for this species of furniture: their previous 
course of study, aided by a reference to books of antiquities, would en- 
able them to supply Designs, which in execution would produce a 
pleasing effect, and merit the just praises of true taste. 

In France the first-rate painters do not think themselves degraded 
by providing Designs for the Cabinet-maker or for the Upholsterer. 



XIV 

Why should they ? Why should not our moveable furniture possess 
elegance, and give as much pleasure to the eye, as pictures or any other 
embellishment appropriated to the same apartment ? 

I have great pleasure in declaring, that very extensive and liberal 
encouragement has of late been given by our Nobility and Gentry to 
various artists employed in manufacturing cabinet-work, the good 
effects of which will, I doubt not, soon be felt in bringing forward 
a supply of able workmen, and in promoting an increase of skill and 
taste in their several departments : for as the beauty of the Antique 
consists in the purity of design, and what was pleasing centuries ago 
continues to be equally so now; so I do not despair of seeing a style 
of Furniture produced in this country, which shall be equally agreeable 
centuries hence. 

The following practical observations on the various woods employed in 
cabinet-work may be useful. Mahogany, when used in houses of eon- 
sequence, should be confined to the Parlor and Bedchamber Floors ; 
in furniture for these apartments the less inlay of other woods, the more 
chaste will be the style of work : if the wood be of a fine, compact, and 
bright quality, the ornaments may be carved clean in the mahogany : 
where it may be requisite to make out pannelling by an inlay of lines, 
let those lines be of brass or ebony. In Drawing Rooms, Boudoirs, 
Anti Rooms, or other dressed apartments, East and West India satin- 
woods, rose-wood, tulip-wood, and the other varieties of woods 
brought from the East, may be used: with satin and light-coloured 
woods the decorations may be of ebony or rose- wood : with rose-wood 
let the decorations be or molu, and the inlay of brass : bronzed metal, 
though sometimes used* with satin-wood, has a cold and poor effect ; 
it suits better on gilt work, and will answer well enough on mahogany. 



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DESCRIPTIONS OF THE PLATES. 



PLATE 1. — Drawing Room Window Cornices. 

J. hese Draperies for Drawing Rooms should be made of satin or 
lustring, with under- curtains of muslin or superfine cassimere ; the 
fringe, silk, &c. of one colour, in contrast with the drapery. The 
Cornices gold, without any mixture of bronze. Such Curtains should 
never be less than six feet in breadth, where it will admit. 

PLATE 2. — Window Cornices and Drapery. 

These Draperies are also intended for Drawing Rooms, and should 
be made of silk, to have a rich effect ; or else of fine cassimere ; and 
in both cases bordered with black velvet. The fringe on the second 
Design may be formed of two colours, of which there should be two 
shades in each, provided the contrast is not too strong. The Cornices 
would look best in entire gold, matt and burnish ; or if variety is re- 
quired, the ornaments may be matt gold, and all the ground imitation 
of bronze. 

PLATE 3. — Cornices and Drapery in the Chinese Style. 
The Designs in this Plate are calculated for apartments decorated 
wholly in the Chinese style, where grandeur and show are necessary; 
in which case the Curtains should be made wholly of silk or velvet, and 
in either case embroidered with yellows to imitate gold. The Cornices 
partly japanned, the rest in burnished or matt gold. These Curtains 
would have a very good effect in calico for secondary rooms : the 
grounds a dark green, and the ornaments of deep yellow. 






PLATE 4. — Window Cornices, A. 

The Cornices on this Plate are according to the Etruscan style, and 
are copied and coloured from antique fragments. This class of Cornice 
will answer for secondary rooms, where magnificence is not so much 
required ; in which case the draperies may be of plain coloured calicoes, 
or small chintz patterns, and the fringe of worsted; the Cornices 
partly gilt and partly japanned in suitable colours. 

PLATE 5. — Window Curtain, D. 

This Design, after the Egyptian style, is proper for Dining Rooms 
or Libraries, and should be made of superfine cloth, scarlet or crimson; 
or, where expense is an object, undressed morine of a fine quality, will 
form a good substitute. This Cornice is intended to be part japanned ; 
the heads carved and in bronze : the fringe should be of two colours 
opposed to the cloth, and will answer extremely well in worsted ; the 
pattern on the drapery is drawn by hand. 

PLATE 6.— Window Curtain, B. 

This Curtain is proper for Morning Rooms or Boudoirs : the Dra- 
peries and Curtains may be of plain calicoes, with borders cut out in 
velvet, brown and green, and neatly sewed on ; the fringe of worsted 
finely worked. A muslin Curtain is fixed on one side, to be drawn 
across the window during the time the sun shines or the light being too 
strong. The architraves of such rooms should be ornamented with 
carved work or painted, and crowned with an ornament instead of a 
Cornice. 

PLATE 7.— Window Curtain, C. 

Is calculated for Breakfast Parlors, and may be made of cloth or 
morine ; the fringe of worsted ; the Cornice and cloak-pins of carved 
work, in imitation of bronze. 



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PLATE 8. — Window Curtain, A. 

This Curtain is appropriate only to rooms of consequence, and 
should be wholly of satin or damask, with an under Curtain of muslin, 
and a worked ornamental raised border bound with silk : the satin 
Curtains and Drapery to be bordered with velvet, cut out and neatly 
sewed on ; the Cornice finished in bronze and gold. 

PLATE 9. — Military Window Curtain, 

Is appropriated to Dining Rooms or Libraries : the material may be 
of fine scarlet cloth, or morine undressed ; the ornament on the vallens 
to be printed in black, and a similar border on the Curtains ; the 
spears supporting the whole to be of mahogany and bronze, or gilt and 
bronzed. 

PLATE 10. — Continued Drapery and Window Curtains, A. 
Continued Drapery is suitable to Venetian, Bow, or large Windows; 
the materials may be of plain -coloured or printed calicoes ; the Curtains 
to draw on rods after the French manner, and the Draperies suspended 
from an ornamental Cornice, which may be executed in gold and bronze; 
the fringe in silk and cotton. In Bow Windows the centre Curtains 
may hang down, as shewn in the Drawing. 

PLATE 11. — Continued Drapery and Window Curtains, B. 

This Design is for a Continuation of Drapery over Windows and 
Piers in one line, which imparts a grand and magnificent effect to a 
room : this may be made of superfine cloth, or undressed morine, and 
will answer either for Dining Room or Drawing Room. 

PLATE 12. — Continued Drapery, 

Suitable for a Drawing Room having two windows, and should be 
of silk, with rich fringe of the same ; a muslin Curtain to each window, 

b 2 



• • 



to draw on rods as usual. Curtains thus constructed require spring 
blinds of the same colour as the principal Draperies, to drop behind the 
muslin, and the Drapery to remain as fixed. The enrichments for the 
Cornice may be carved and gilt, or bronzed, &c. ; the Drawing shews 
the Pier Glass and Table, behind which is a Glass to the floor. 

PLATE 13. — Continued Drapery, 

Proper for a Bow, having three windows, and may be finished 
agreeably to the foregoing description : the Drapery to remain fixed, 
and the Curtains to draw on rods as usual. 

PLATE 14.— Bed Pillars, 
Shews four Designs, which may be of mahogany carved, or satin- 
wood, with ornaments carved and bronzed, or japanned. Where the 
rails are carved, the bases must be tacked to slips fixed under them. 

PLATE 15. — Bed Pillars, with Foot-board, A. 

Design for Bed Pillars with Foot-board, and shews the arrangement 
for fixing the bases, as described before. 

PLATE 1 6. — Bed Pillars, ivith Foot-board, B. 

Agreeable to the preceding Plate. The Pillars are supposed of satin- 
wood, inlaid with ebony. 

PLATE 17.— Bed Cornices, B. 
Cornices and Draperies for elegant Beds, which may be of silk or 
calico, the colours at pleasure. 

PLATE 18. — Bed Cornices in the Gothic Style. 

Two Designs in the Gothic taste, and adapted particularly to houses 
where this style prevails in the interior. Such work should be wholly 
in gold, or in English oak, the ornaments and moldings gilt : in state 
apartments, the furniture and vallens to such Beds require to be of velvet 






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or fine cassimere, with embroidered borders, and trimmed with rich 
deep silk fringe. 

PLATE lQ.—Cribb Bedstead. 

Design for a Cradle Bed, in the Gothic style, suitable to many man- 
sions in this country : should be of mahogany or oak, the enrichments 
carved, either plain or gilt ; the furniture cotton or silk. This con- 
struction of Cradle Beds is of general use, and applicable to the simplest 
forms and ornaments. 

PLATE 20.— Tent Bed. 

The furniture calico, and trimmed with worsted or cotton fringe at 
pleasure. 

PLATE 21.— Field Bed. 

The furniture of plain or printed calicoes ; the border cut out in 
black Manchester velvet, and sewed on. 

PLATE 22.— Design for a Bed, B. 

This Design in the rustic style is suitable to a cottage or country re- 
sidence ; the furniture as usual ; the pillars and rails may be selected 
from rough materials, cleaned and varnished. 

PLATE 23.— Military Officers Bed. 

Design for a French Bed standing under a canopy, partaking of the 
military character, and raised on a platform ; the furniture may be of 
yellow calico, lined with blue, the vallens blue, lined with yellow, the 
war trophies carved and bronzed. 

PLATE 24. — Design for a Dome Bed. 
The furniture may be of calico or silk, the exterior green, and lin- 
ings yellow; the foot curtains are divided four feet from the ground, and 



6 

fixed at the top, the curtains drawing each way as required ; the head 
curtains should be full, to meet the foot curtain ; the head cloth to be 
gathered in large plaits. 

PLATE 25 — Design for a Bed, A. 

A Design for a Dome Bed, with straight cornices and plain antique 
vallens ; the curtains to be looped up on the outside of the posts ; the 
head board is stuffed and covered, to answer the exterior, in plaits si- 
milar to those in the head cloth : the furniture may be of crimson, lined 
with yellow, the bases and counterpane also yellow. 

PLATE 26.— Design for a Bed. 

Design for a State Bed : the tester is coved inside, and supported 
by mahogany pillars and figures carved and gilt ; the bedstead is after 
the French style ; the furniture should be of lilac silk, embroidered 
border and lining, with rose-coloured Persian ; the counterpane the 
same ; the outside of the cove may be japanned or velvet painted ; the 
ornaments and cornice gilt and bronzed. 

PLATE 27 .-—Polonaise Bed. 
The dome of this Design is circular, with an octangular tester ; the 
inside divided into compartments with painted ornaments, or quilled 
with silk or cotton ; the curtains of rich silk, yellow, and lined with 
blue, or crimson velvet, lined with garter blue silk ; the fringe and tas- 
sels of gold. The exterior of the dome, the vallens, and coverlid, to 
be of the same colour and material as the lining : the carved work should 
be gilt and bronzed. This style of Bed is calculated only for apartments 
of taste and elegance. 

PLATE 28.— State Bed. 

There is no kind of work better calculated to produce a grand effect, 
so far as relates to furniture, than what is usually called Gothic, as is 



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shewn in the present Design, admitting of a more abundant variety of 
ornaments and forms than can possibly be obtained in any other 
style : and as many of the mansions of our Nobility and Gentry are at 
this time finished in a similar taste, this Design may not be deemed un- 
acceptable. 

It is proper this description of furniture should be elevated above the 
floor, on a platform of two or three steps, which should be covered 
with carpet or cloth of an even single colour, adapted as circumstances 
may require, to accord well with the bedstead ; which, if executed in 
gold, will admit of some of the heavier colours, and if in oak, the co- 
lours must be of a lighter cast. 

Beds of this kind, from their expense, are confined to few individuals, 
but are highly in character in the mansions of our Nobility or Gentry, 
opulent through a long line of ancestry : the present Design is therefore 
well calculated to exhibit the different inter- marriages on the shields 
distributed throughout the exterior of the bedstead. The pillars which 
support the canopy are intended to be of open work the whole height 
above the pedestal, inclosing a wrought iron pillar adorned with orna- 
ments in character. The curtains should be made of Genoa velvet, 
satin, or superfine cloth, a suitable border being worked round them 
on an embroidery of gold ; the ground also of the tester must be of 
the same material and colour as the curtains, on which the carved work is 
laid, producing a splendid appearance. This species of Bed does not 
admit of drapery ; the rods, &c. supporting the curtains are concealed 
between the outside and inside cornices. Within the canopy is placed 
the bedstead, suitably carved and decorated ; the bedding consists wholly 
of mattresses, is covered with a velvet counterpane, pannelled out, and 
richly embroidered with gold. 

The various ornaments of this Design should be well studied previ- 
ously to being executed; and, if correctly outlined, the carving also being 
well performed, the appearance will be not only pleasing but grand. 
It is needless perhaps to add, this style is applicable only in a real 



8 

Gothic mansion ; if otherwise used, it would be highly improper and 
out of taste. 

PLATE 29.— French Bed. 
The tester with the dome is attached to the wall, and supports the 
curtains, which draw round the bedstead, which is in the form of a 
sofa. The furniture may be of rich materials as before described, such 
Beds being calculated for elegant apartments. 

PLATE 30.— -French Bed for a Recess. 
In the daytime, this Bedstead, being low, for sitting on, is drawn 
into the room, and used as a couch ; the frame-work is usually of ma- 
hogany, with the ornaments bronzed ; the Recess is lined with calico, 
in antique drapery. 

PLATES 31 and 32.— French Bed and Wardrobe. 

This Design is suitable only to apartments of the greatest elegance ; 
the Bedstead stands in a recess, which is lined with silk or calico, in 
large flutes, with antique drapery as a vallens ; the ceiling coved and 
painted in colours to answer the linings; the coverlid, of which two De- 
signs are shewn, may be of figured muslin, laid on a coloured silk; the 
frame-work of the Bedstead mahogany, with bronzed ornaments, stand- 
ing on a platform ; the curtains, which draw before the Bed, are of 
rose-coloured silk with black velvet border on a yellow ground ; the 
outside vallens straw colour, and trimmed with deep silk French fringe ; 
the recesses on each side the Bed are fitted up as Wardrobes ; the upper 
pannels of the doors are looking-glass, the whole decorated with carved 
therm figures, and the moldings and ornaments or molu and bronze. 

PLATE 33.— Bed Steps. 

These Designs are made of mahogany or satin-wood, with the orna 
ments bronzed, and are suitable only to elegant chambers ; the Steps 
should be covered with carpet. 



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9 

PLATE 34. — Hall Seats for Recesses. 

These are made of beech-wood, carved and japanned to imitate 
marble and bronze. 

PLATES 35 and 36. — Hall Chairs and Sofa. 

Mahogany will ever be a wood in general use for Chairs dedi- 
cated to the use of halls ; their backs as well as seats are generally 
solid; but where the pattern is Gothic, and the backs partly cut 
through, oak is used with great propriety; the arms on the shield 
being emblazoned in proper colours : these kind of frames may also be 
executed in beech- wood and japanned stone colour, the moldings, &c. 
relieved in greys. 

PLATES 37 and 38. — Parlor Chairs. 

In mansions professedly Gothic these Chairs are the most appro- 
priate, and should be made of brown oak varnished ; the seats may be 
stuffed or have loose cushions, and 'in both cases covered with leather, 
the colour of no great consequence : mahogany is not to be recom- 
mended for this kind of work, which requires wood of a close and 
tough grain, being in places greatly undercut. 

PLATES 39 and 40 A.— Parlor Chairs. 

The frames of these Chairs should be made of bright Spanish maho- 
gany, the ornaments partly carved, and partly inlaid with ebony; or 
the ornaments may be executed with good effect, if inlaid with brass ; 
the seats French stuffed, and finished in red morocco leather, on the 
border of which may be printed a Grecian ornament in black ; over the 
heads of the tacks may be put a molding of brass or of dyed wood in 
imitation of ebony. 

PLATE 41. — Library Seats. 

The frames may be of mahogany or gilt, the seats of leather, and 
the mantle of cloth. 

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10 



PLATE 42. — Library Chair with Desk and sliding Footstool. 

These Chairs are used chiefly in Libraries of some extent, seeing 
they require to be made of large dimensions to obtain a good effect of 
outline as well as ease, when used for study ; there cannot be a better 
material than mahogany for chairs, where bronze is likewise intro- 
duced, this colour harmonizing very w r ell with such wood; the seats 
may be covered with leather, either stuffed to the frame, or used with 
cushions. The Desk attached to these Chairs is formed two ways: it 
may be fixed to the side of the elbow, and capable of elevation by 
means of a rack and spring ; at the same time, acting on a centre, it can 
be used in all directions : another mode is, the Desk is fixed on the top 
of the stump or elbow of the Chair, and, although incapable of elevation, 
is equally useful, as acting on a centre similar to the former. This article 
should always be accompanied with a Stool as a rest for the feet, when 
used for reading or writing. 

PLATES 43 C, 44 A, 45 B, and 46 D. — Library Chairs. 

The frame-work of these Chairs is usually made of mahogany or 
any elegant wood, the carved ornaments gilt or bronzed, the seats and 
backs of morocco leather or velvet, according to fancy. 

PLATE 47. — Library Fauteuil. 

This article, which is of French invention, and adapted only to an 
elegantly furnished Library, is made very deep (two feet six inches) in 
the seat ; a stand for a lamp and another for books usually accompany 
this piece of furniture, of which one should be on each side the fire- 
place ; the whole stands on a platform in imitation of marble ; the 
materials as before described. 

PLATE 48. — Library Fauteuils in Profile. 
Two Designs, to which the foregoing remarks are applicable. 



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PLATES 4Q and 50 B.— Footstools. 
Twelve Designs for Footstools, suitable to Parlors, Drawing Rooms, 
&c. ; the frames may be of mahogany, gold, or bronze, and covered with 
leather, velvet, or printed cloth, suitable to the apartment. 

PLATE 5 \.— Tete-a-tete Seats. 

An article adapted to elegant apartments ; the frames of rich wood, 
or gold and bronze ; the covering of fine cloth, velvet, or calico; in di- 
mension, it is calculated for two persons to sit on. 

PLATE 52. — Window Seats. 

. PLATE 53. — Drawing Room X Seats. 

The description to Plate 5 1 will answer to these Plates. The three 
last articles are intended as ornamental and extra Seats in elegant Drawing 
Rooms. -See the Design and Description of a Drawing Room at the end. 

PLATES 54, 55, 56 C, 57, and 58.— Drawing Room Chairs. 

Chairs for Drawing Rooms admit of great taste and elegance as 
well as variety, and are constructed of rich and costly materials in ac- 
cordance with the room ; the frames of satin-wood, burnished gold, 
with parts' of bronze, or otherways highly enriched ; the seats covered 
with silks, painted satins, painted velvets, superfine cloth, or chintz. 
The Designs on Plate 54 in the Gothic style, as well as several of the 
others, are proposed to be elegantly carved and finished in matt and bur- 
nished gold. 

PLATES 5Q and 60.— Sofas. 
Three Designs for Sofas, intended for Libraries, the frames of which 
should be of mahogany ; or they may in part be bronzed; the covering 
of leather or cloth, with ornamental borders printed. 

c 2 



12 

PLATES 6l and 62. — Drawing Room Sofas. 

Two Designs calculated for first-rate houses, the frames of which 
should be all gold, or gold with bronzed ornaments ; the covering of 
satin, silk, or velvet : the latter will admit of ornamented borders, 
painted in water-colours, and produce a very superb effect. 

PLATES 63, 64 A, 65 B, and 66.— Chaise Longue. 

Four Designs for Chaises Longue, an article admissible into almost 
every room. The present Designs are intended for Drawing Rooms, or 
Boudoirs, in which case the frames may be of satin-wood, inlaid with 
other woods, and the ornaments of bronze, as Plates A and B; or in 
gold, with bronzed ornaments, as Plates 63 and 64. For covering, silks 
or cloth may be used ; and in more moderately furnished apartments 
calico may suffice, provided the pattern be small arid of the chintz 
kind. The same Designs will answer extremely well for Libraries, 
Parlors, or Dressing Rooms, executed in mahogany, and divested of the 
ornaments. 

PLATES 67 and 68.— Ottomans. 

Two Designs of Ottomans for Galleries, which should be placed on 
the chimney side of the room, with similar seats on the opposite side : 
the frames may be of mahogany, with ornaments bronzed or carved 
clean in the wood ; or they may be japanned to imitate bronze, and the 
ornaments in gold. Where show is designed, the covering should be 
of superfine cloth, or chintz-pattern calico ; the fringe worked in fine 
worsteds. Ottomans are particularly useful in Picture Galleries, their 
projection from the wall preventing the pictures being fingered, which 
is too often practised. 

PLATE 69.— Dining Table. 
This Design is intended to do away the necessity of claw feet, 
and will answer as well for sets of Dining as for single Tables. A 



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13 

rim, two inches in depth, is fixed all round under the top, which adds 
considerably to their solidity. These Tables will cost considerably more 
than those of the old form, but possess advantages over them, where 
large projecting claws are a great inconvenience. 

In Fig. 1 , the top remains fixed on the pillar, and does not turn up 
as is usual. The casters are contained in a brass case, concealed in the 
plinth. 

Fig. 2 and 3 are on a lighter construction, and turn up as usual. 
The parts in line shew the block with a pin, on w^hich the top turns : 
there is likewise a molded frame under the top, which conceals the 
block and clamps. The plinths are quadrangular on the plans, as shewn 
in Fig. 4. 

PLATE 70.— Harlequin Table. 

This elegant article, an appendage to the Ladies' Boudoir, is so con- 
trived, as to form a Writing, Work, Drawing, and Breakfast Table, 
as occasion may require. 

For the first purpose, a small Escrutoire, concealed in the body of 
the Table, rises by springs, a writing flap rising also in front ; the 
drawer on the right hand of the Table containing the ink, pens, &c. 
The centre drawer is fitted up with the necessary apparatus to the Work 
Table. The left hand drawer is fitted up with the colours and other 
useful articles for Drawing. The two ends of the Table, forming flaps, 
are supported by lopers thrown forward by springs, w T hen the flaps are 
raised up parallel with the top, making this article serve as the Sofa 
or Breakfast Table. The lopers are secured back by spring catches 
when the leaves are required to be put down. — This piece of decorative 
furniture should be made of rose-wood, the ornaments of real ormolu, 
for the sake of durability; or it may be made of mahogany, and the 
ornaments of bronzed metal : the top should be covered with morocco 
leather, divided into pannels by gilt ornamental bordering, which will 
serve to conceal the joints made necessary in the top by the rising 
Escrutoire. 



14 



PLATE 71. — Gentleman s Dressing Table. 

This article should be made wholly of mahogany, without any inlaid 
or carved ornaments. The cupboard in the centre part is meant for 
boots and shoes ; above are two drawers for linen, as are also the 
drawers in the left wing ; the upper drawer in the right wing being 
fitted up with a variety of dressing apparatus. 

PLATE 72.— Dressing Tables. 

These Tables are intended for the piers in Ladies' Dressing Rooms, 
and contain five drawers in each, without any dressing apparatus ; the 
ornaments are formed by an inlay of ebony, or carved in the mahogany; 
casters are concealed in the feet : the drawers, without handles, are 
locked with spring catches, and released by springs behind. 

PLATE 73. — Ladies' Dressing Table. 

This piece of furniture, and the Design following, are adapted only 
for decorated apartments, and to accompany State Bedchambers. The 
present Design, if made of mahogany, may have all the ornamental 
parts carved in lime-tree and bronzed, or carved in the mahogany with 
the rest of the Table : should rose- wood be preferred, the whole 
of the ornaments may be finished in gold. The centre of the top, 
as likewise the folding tops on the two sides, should be covered with 
leather, purple or red, with a border of gold: the standards of the 
Glass screw in and out at pleasure by a nut underneath, in which case 
the Table will answer as a Sofa Writing Table, the drawer in the centre 
part being fitted up with writing apparatus. 

PLATE 74. — Ladies Dressing Table and Glass. 
This Design may be manufactured in mahogany or oak, the 
moldings and ornaments in gold, or of black rose- wood ; the balls 
of ivory ; the top, as in the preceding Plate, covered with leather. The 



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15 

top of the centre divides, and slides under the end tops, uncovering a 
tray fitted up for dressing apparatus; the drawers, on each side the bason 
drawer, contain water bottles, boxes, &c. The Glass accompanying 
this Design is intended to be placed on the Table, and contains three 
drawers. 

PLATES 75, 76, and 77.— Work Tables. 
These articles of furniture should be made to imitate bronze and 
gold, with parts of antique marble. In Plate 75 the top should be 
covered with morocco leather, under which is a drawer for writing 
apparatus; casters are concealed under the plinths. The Work-bag in 
Plate 76 may be lustring or satin, round which is suspended a silk 
fringe. In Plate 77 the tops may be executed in scagliola, the edges 
secured by an or molu rim. 

PLATE 78. — Backgammon Work Table. 

This ornamental piece of furniture will admit of every variety in 
'execution ; and, where expense is not an object, the whole frame may 
be gold, and the ornaments in bronze. The inside must be covered 
entirely with leather, to prevent noise, when used for play. The ends 
contain concealed drawers, which hold the chess and backgammon men. 
The casters are concealed in the plinths, supporting the whole. 

PLATE 7Q.—Tea Poys, Quartetto Tables, and Canterburies. 

Tea Poys and Quartetto Tables are used in Drawing Rooms, &c. to 
prevent the company rising from their seats when taking refreshment. 
The Canterburies are intended for holding such music-books as are in 
constant use. All these articles may be manufactured in mahogany, 
rose- wood, or bronzed and gilt, to suit the different rooms they may be 
placed in. 

PLATE 80. — Screen Writing and Work Table. 
The Design in this Plate would answer best in gold and bronze ; the 
bag of velvet or satin; the screen of the same: the drawer contains 



16 

writing apparatus. Rose-wood would not be an improper material 
for this Table ; but mahogany should be avoided, as least proper for 
elegant Drawing Rooms. Wainscot may be used, provided the whole 
fitting up of the room is of the same material. 

PLATES 81 and 82. — Dejune Tables. 

These Tables, adapted for a breakfast set of superb china, are used 
for Ladies' Boudoirs or Morning Breakfast Rooms, and therefore partake 
of the richest decoration. Those in the Chinese taste may be finished 
in green and gold, red and gold, or blue and gold, agreeable to the 
style of china placed on them. If used in rooms slightly decorated, 
they are made to imitate bamboo, or japanned black and gold. In 
Plate 82 the Table should be wholly made to imitate or molu, the top 
and plinth being of scagliola, to imitate red porphyry : the border round 
the top of or molu. 

PLATES 83 A, 84 B, and 85.— Sofa Tables. 

These Designs form furniture for the Drawing Room, Breakfast 
Parlor, or Library, and should be manufactured in mahogany, rose, 
or satin woods, and may be in part carved and bronzed, or gilt ; the 
tops in the centre part sometimes slide out, and conceal a backgammon 
or chess board. Plate 85 will not answer so well in mahogany as other 
woods : the cushion under, at the time it gives strength to the Table, 
forms a rest for the feet, and should be covered with velvet ; the foot- 
stool partakes of the same finishings. 

PLATES 86, 87 B, 88 C, and 89.— Library Tables. 
These Tables may be made of mahogany or other woods, as fancy 
dictates, and be covered with morocco leather or cloth. In Plate 
86, the ornamental part of the drawers is intended as an inlay of 
ebony ; the heads in metal, answering as handles as well as screening 
the keyholes ; the chimeras may be carved in wood and bronzed. The 
same observations apply to the other Designs. Plate 8? shews a rising 
Desk in the middle. 



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PLATE go.— Dumb Waiters. 
These Designs, though Gothic, will admit of being made of ma- 
hogany, having less open work than some of the preceding Designs in 
this style; they would look extremely well in wainscot, darkened to imi- 
tate old oak. The rims round the shelves will answer best to be made 
of metal, pale lacquered, to imitate or molu. 

PLATE 91. — Legs for Sideboards. 

The observations on the following Plates, containing Designs for 
Sideboards, will apply to these six Designs, which offer a variety 
suitable to most occasions. 

PLATES 92 A, 93 B, 94 C, and 95 D. — Sideboards. 
These articles of so general use can scarcely be made of any other 
wood than mahogany, in which case the ornaments in bronze will 
have a good effect : Sideboards may each contain three drawers, for 
holding napkins, &c. One of the pedestals in Plates 92 A, 93 B, and 
95 D, is lined with tin, with racks to hold plates, which are kept hot 
by an iron heater : the other pedestal should have a tray capable of holding 
six or eight bottles, which turns on a centre ; also a drawer under, con- 
taining water to wash glasses during dinner. The figures holding 
lights are of plaster bronzed. Plate 94 C, being without pedestals, has 
a wine cooler under it, which must be lined with lead. 

PLATE 9O. — Pedestals for Sideboards. 
The above remarks apply to these Designs. 

PLATE 97. — Celerets and Wine Cistern, in the Gothic Style. 

These pieces of furniture should be made of wainscot, varnished 
dark to imitate oak, in preference to using mahogany, for which this 
style of work is not so well suited. These articles should be lined with 
lead, if meant to contain water. 

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18 

PLATE 98. — Celerets. 
Mahogany will answer best for these Designs, the ornaments of 
which may be carved and bronzed ; the interior finished as before di- 
rected. These pieces of furniture have all of them casters concealed in 
the plinths. 

PLATE 09 A. — Bookcase. 

This Bookcase would look well executed in rose- wood, the therm 
figures and pedestal carved and gilt in matt gold ; or, if manufactured 
in satin-wood, the figures and pedestals being bronze would have an 
equally good effect : if mahogany is preferred, the less contrast that is 
used the better ; the whole being kept in one wood produces a pleasing 
and solid appearance. 

PLATES loo and 101. — Bookcases in the Gothic Style. 
The preceding observations may apply for these, excepting that there 
is no necessity for gilding any part of them. These two Designs contain 
a gentleman's wardrobe in each. The upper doors may be backed with 
lustring in flutes, if it is required to screen the books. This article of 
furniture, though in the Gothic style, may with great propriety be 
executed in mahogany. 

PLATE 102. — Library Bookcase. 

This Design is calculated for an extensive Library, where it can be 
carried round three sides of the room, and would answer best made 
of mahogany, in which case the ornaments may be of ebony inlaid ; 
the figures in imitation of bronzed metal. 

PLATE 1 03 . — Library Bookcase, with Wings and Secretaire. 
This piece of furniture, after the Gothic taste, may be manufactured, 
with good effect, in mahogany or oak. Under the Secretaire drawer is 
a wardrobe concealed with folding doors. The two Wings may contain 
drawers for linen, making this article very serviceable in a Gentleman's 
Library or Morning Room. 



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PLATE 104. Dwarf Library Bookcase. 
Literature and the fine arts going hand in hand, this kind of Bookcase 
is well adapted to the connoisseur in sculpture and painting ; neverthe- 
less, such Bookcases can only be applied with propriety in rooms on a large 
scale, and in Libraries of considerable extent. From the lowness 
adopted in the present Design, the walls remain free for paintings ; at 
the same time, figures or antique sculpture, placed this height before the 
spectator, will afford the most pleasing appearance in galleries of any 
extent. This sort of Bookcase, finished on each side alike, and placed 
one at each end, centrically, in the room or gallery, with a Library 
Table between them, produces a grand and pleasing effect. In this 
Design mahogany alone should be used, and of the finest quality, free 
from any inlaid work ; the ornamental parts to be carved, and finished 
to imitate bronze. 

PLATE 105. — Dwarf Bookcase. 

This Bookcase answers every purpose of the preceding ; and being 
moderate in design, can be more generally adopted, especially where 
elegance does not become an essential requisite. 

PLATES 106 and 107. — Bookcase Doors. 
The first Plate contains three styles of design, Chinese, Egyptian, 
and Gothic; the second Plate, wholly fancy. Each of these Designs may 
be executed in woods or metal, and may be used with or without 
glass in the pannels, at pleasure ; the doors having curtains of silk, to 
slide on rods, as occasion may require. 

PLATES 108 and 109 B. — Screens. 

These articles of general use admit of every species of decoration ; 

viz. of entire gold, bronze and gold, or japanned ; of mahogany, rose, 

or satin wood ; as the apartment they may be destined for shall require. 

The mounts, if expense be not regarded, may be carved solid in wood, 

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and embellished with painted decorations ; or painted on silk or velvet- 
Where the stands are wholly mahogany, the mounts may be covered 
with lustring in flutes, with tassels to suit. 

PLATE no. — Drawing Room Cheval Screens. 

The Designs in this Plate are appropriate for Drawing Rooms, to be 
executed wholly in carved work and gilt, and varied with bronzed orna- 
ments on a gold ground. If manufactured of mahogany, the frames 
may have the ornaments made out in an inlay of ebony, the carved 
parts in bronze, real, or carved in wood ; the mounts of satin, lustring, 
or velvet, as occasion may require. This kind of Screen answers ex- 
tremely well for Dining Rooms, made plain of mahogany, with frames 
to slide out on the sides, covered with plain coloured stuff. 

PLATE ill.— Tripod Stands, &c. 
These stands may be carved in lime-tree, and bronzed to imitate 
metal, or wholly gilt, agreeable to the rest of the furniture of the 
apartment they may be intended for. In addition to their use, as stands 
for Screens and Tables, they are calculated to form elegant supports for 
music-desks. 

PLATE \\2.—Candelabri, B. 

This article of furniture, the Designs of which have been taken 
from antique examples in the King of Naples' collection, are used as 
stands for Candlesticks and Lamps, and are serviceable to stand at the 
corners of Card Tables, or on each side of Couches, or in the angles 
of rooms, staircases, &c. When used for lamps, they answer for 
staircases or halls of extent ; in galleries, whether for antiques or 
pictures, these Designs will always have a classic effect. 

PLATE 113 —Candelabri, A. 
The Designs in this Plate are adapted for the angles of Drawing 
Rooms, or state apartments, to support silver Candlesticks, smaller Can- 



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21 

<lelabri, or transparent alabaster vases, with lights inside. They may- 
be executed, where elegance is required, wholly in gold, or partly in 
imitation of bronzed metal. 

PLATES 114 and n 5. —Chiffoniers. 

In almost every apartment of a house these articles will be found 
useful, whether decorated or plain ; their use is chiefly for such books 
as are in constant use, or not of sufficient consequence for the library : 
on the same account they become extremely serviceable in libraries, for 
the reception of books taken for present reading. The most simple are 
manufactured in plain mahogany, or japanned in imitation of various 
woods ; the more elegant in mahogany, with decorations in imitation of 
bronze metal : rose-wood and gold come under similar recommendation, 
and gold with bronzed ornaments, where expense is not an obstacle. 

PLATE 116.— Boole-shelf and Brackets. 

Over a Console Table, in the pier between windows, this kind of 
Book-shelf is perfectly appropriate ; and with silvered plate glass be- 
tween the brackets would have a good effect. In point of finishing, 
what has been said of Chiffoniers will answer equally to these. The 
Brackets accompanying this Design are intended to support lights, 
clocks, &c. to be executed in gold, or bronze and gold, as may suit best 
the rooms. 

PLATE 117. — Drawing Room Commodes. 

These Commodes are intended for those Drawing Rooms used 
also as living rooms, and have therefore doors to screen or secure such 
articles as may be placed in them : they may be made of satin-wood, 
rose-wood, or in gold on a white ground, or japanned in imitation of 
the finer woods ; the tops either real marble, or japanned in imitation. 



22 



PLATE 118. — Commodes. 

These two Designs are intended for Ladies' Dressing Rooms, where 
a superior style of elegance in furnishing is adopted; they may be made 
of the finest rose- wood or mahogany ; in the first the whole of the 
decoration should be executed to imitate or molu ; in the latter, a mix- 
ture of gold and bronze would have a good effect. 

PLATE 1 1 Q. — Commode for Drawing Room. 
This article may be executed in rose-wood or mahogany, and should 
be placed in an apartment of consequence ; its situation is opposite the 
chimney, which should also correspond to it in form ; the glasses over 
each producing a most charming effect. This piece of furniture would 
make an elegant case for an organ, to be placed at the extremity of a 
long apartment or gallery. 

PLATE 120.— Pier Table and Glass. 
What has been said in explanation of the foregoing Design in re- 
gard to situation may be applied to this, the chimney opposed to 
it partaking of the same design ; it may be executed in rose- wood or 
mahogany, and decorated with gold or bronze after the manner we have 
before recommended, and as shewn on the Plate. The Glasses over 
these Designs, as well as the Chimney Glass, should not have any orna- 
ment as head pieces, but be carried quite to the cornice of the room. 

PLATE 121.— Console Tables. 

PLATE 122. — Drawing Room Pier Table. 

These Tables, the decoration of apartments of consequence, cannot 
be too well attended to in the manufacture, their beauty consisting greatly 
in the execution and proper conception of the parts, ornamented with 
chimeras ; the Table may be rose-wood, or in imitation of marble ; the 
whole of the decoration in matt gold, of even execution, to produce a 




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23 

solid and metal-like appearance ; or mahogany may be used, if the same 
material is otherways introduced in the apartments, in which case 
the decorative parts may be finished in imitation of bronzed metal ; a 
silvered plate of glass is placed at the back, the pier being filled also 
with looking-glass above the book-shelf. 

PLATES 123 and 124.— Escrotoire. 

This piece of furniture belongs chiefly to the Ladies' dressing room, 
or boudoir, in houses of consequence, and may be manufactured in 
satin-wood, rose-wood, mahogany, or India woods ; the decorative 
parts executed in or molu or bronzed metal, in opposition to the other 
materials used ; the lower part in these articles, when inclosed as 
Plate 123, is fitted up with drawers to contain coins or other articles of 
curiosity ; the front of the upper part is hinged at the base, and falls 
forward, making when down a desk for writing, &c. ; the inside is 
fitted up in part with small drawers, and in part with pigeon-holes ; the 
frieze in each of these Designs forms a drawer, opened and secured by 
a private spring and catch. In Plate 124 the plinth at bottom, as also 
the block on the top, are supposed to be of black marble. 

PLATES 125 B, 126 C, and 127 Cheval Dressing Glasses. 

The three Designs in these Plates are supposed to be manufactured 
of mahogany, although frequently made of satin or rose wood, and 
not unfrequently executed to imitate bronzed metal, the ornaments 
being then gilt ; they should be made to move on casters concealed in 
the feet or plinths ; the ornaments on the standards and round the frame 
of the Glass in Plate 127 are meant as an inlay of ebony or brass. 

PLATE 128. — Bason Stands. 

The three Designs on this Plate admit of the same variety in woods 
tor their manufacture as the three preceding Plates ; the first and third 
Designs have a drawer in the plinth over the chimera feet ; the top, con- 
taining the bason, is of statuary or grey marble, let in and made level 



24 

with the top molding. The centre Design has its bason concealed by 
the ornamental frieze : supposing this to be stationary in the room 
where placed, the bason may be supplied with water by a pipe carried 
up the centre of the stem, and the water again carried off by a pipe 
with a plug at the bottom of the bason, concealed also in the stem. 

PLATE 129.— Night Tables. 

In both these Designs the bottom part draws out as is usual in such 
pieces of furniture ; in the first figure the pannel under the top is hinged 
at bottom, and falls down as in escrotoires, being released by a spring 
catch behind the lion's head ; the doors in the second Design are 
hinged, and open as usual ; the top and shelves are of marble, a plate 
of glass being placed at the back of the upper one ; the chimeras sup- 
porting the middle shelf may be executed in wood, bronzed or gilt, or 
made in metal. 

PLATE 130— Pot Cupboards. 

These ornamental articles are calculated for dressed Chambers, to 
be placed on each side the bed; the upper shelf serving for china, 
either for ornament or use, and forming at the same time a Table 
useful in case of indisposition. Casters may be concealed in the plinths 
or feet, making them moveable at pleasure. The ornaments in these 
Designs are intended to be carved in wood, and bronzed in imitation of 
metal. 

PLATE 131. — Double Chest of Drawers. 

An article of such general use does not stand in need of description. 
This Design is made lower than is usual, to avoid the disagreeable al- 
ternative of getting on chairs to place any thing in the upper drawers ; 
for common use, no wood can be more serviceable than mahogany ; 
for ornament, rose- wood with brass inlay, or satin-wood with black, 
may however be adopted. This piece of furniture might also be placed 
on casters, a matter never attended to, though certainly with its advan- 
tages, where cleanliness is attended to. 



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PLATES 132, 133, 134. — Wardrobes. 

These very useful appendages to the dressing room and bed chamber 
are made single or with wings : in the former, the lower part contains 
drawers, three or five at pleasure ; the upper part is filled with sliding 
shelves for clothes : in the latter, the wings are usually calculated to 
hold dresses, to be suspended on arms sliding on an iron rod. In 
Plate 132 the drawers are concealed in the lower carcase by folding 
doors, and the same in Plate 133. In Plate 134 drawers are intended to 
be made in the plinth supporting the whole, as well as in the upper pan- 
nels of the wings under the carved ornamental cornice. The decora- 
tion in the Designs 132 and 134 may be carved and bronzed, or executed 
wholly in mahogany ; the ornaments on Plate 133 are supposed as inlaid 
with ebony. 

PLATES 135 A, and 136 B.— Mirrors. 

In apartments where an extensive view offers itself, these Glasses be- 
come an elegant and useful ornament, reflecting objects in beautiful 
perspective on their convex surfaces ; the frames, at the same time they 
form an elegant decoration on the walls, are calculated to support lights. 
In Plate 135 the vases on each side are intended for this purpose. In 
Plate 136 Sconces are put as usual ; profiles of the moldings for the circles 
are added to each Design, which should be bold ; in general, they 
will admit of being executed in bronze and gold, but will be far more 
elegant if executed wholly in gold. 

PLATE 1 3 7 .—Chandelier. 
This Design is intended to be manufactured for the chief part in 
wood, the eagle carrying it being suspended in the centre of the ceiling 
of the apartment where used. As in Mirrors, this article of decoration 
may be executed as shewn in bronze and gold, or wholly gilt. The 
dimension must be regulated by the size of the room such article is 

E 



26 

intended for, the lowermost part placed at least seven feet from the 
ground. These Chandeliers will admit of twenty-four lights if required. 

PLATE 138 Girandole. 

Different only in the mode of fixing from the preceding article ; the 
use is the same ; in rooms of considerable length, where a single Chan- 
delier would not afford sufficient light, Girandoles are fixed at the ex- 
tremities of apartments in pannels against the wall ; they are equally 
serviceable in apartments where Chandeliers are not used. The manner 
of finishing them, either in bronze or gold, will be the same as those 
of the preceding Plates. 

PLATE 13g. — Candelabra and Pedestal. 

These supports for Lights are placed in the angles of drawing rooms, 
and are used alternately for this purpose, as well as to carry transparent ala- 
baster or glass vases. In apartments of state, where the furniture is made 
stationary, these Pedestals may be placed by the sides of large sofas, in 
continuation throughout the length of the room. 

PLATE 140.— Chandelier. 

What has been said on Plate 137 niay be applied to the present sub- 
ject, the use and manner of finishing it falling under the same regu- 
lation. 

PLATE 141. — Girandole, Vases, and Candlesticks. 
The particular Description of Plate 138 will answer for the Giran- 
dole in this : the Candlesticks and Vases are intended for chimney man- 
tles, and should be executed in chased metal, imitating or molu. 

PLATE 142. — Pedestals for Statues, Busts, &c. 

In galleries for pictures or antiquities these Supports are appropriate 
for Busts or Statues ; they are equally useful in halls and on staircases, 



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27 

and need not be rejected in drawing rooms, if executed in wood carved 
and gilt, in which case they answer conveniently to support vases of 
flowers, or figures carrying branches for lights. The Designs in the 
present Plate are supposed to be manufactured in wood, painted in imi- 
tation of antique marble. 

PLATES 143 and 144.— Jardiniers, Flower Stands, &c. 
These articles are appendages to drawing rooms, boudoirs, &c. and 
may be executed with every variety of taste and elegance agreeable to 
the rooms they are intended for ; in mahogany they may be partly gilt 
or bronzed, in rose- wood part gold only ; or they may be wholly gilt 
or japanned, as Plate 144, which Design is very well adapted for the 
ends of a long gallery or staircase, or to fill the space of a wide Vene- 
tian window, whether in a room or on the landing of an elegant 
staircase. 

PLATES 145 A, 146 B.—Decoratio?i. 

These Plates are given as specimens of Designs, useful to the paper- 
hanger and decorator ; the Egyptian style is chosen in the first, and 
in Plate 140 is given a specimen of decoration after the Etruscan, 
compiled from specimens discovered at Herculaneum. These two pan- 
nels are appropriate for the ends of rooms, or the spaces on each side 
a chimney. In Plate 145 the cornice of the room should he finished 
in oil gold, the fringe painted a mazarine blue, the stars of composition, 
projecting and finished in clean matt gold. The dado of apartments 
thus finished should be painted to imitate antique marble. 

PLATES 147 C, and 148 D .—Chimney Glass and Decoration. 

These Plates represent part of the longest sides of an apartment, where 
the chimnies are usually placed, the arrangement and Decoration of 
which is now given, shewing likewise the mode in which the Looking- 
glass as also the frames are proportioned in respect to the chimney piece. 
The Decoration of the frame in Plate 14 7 is meant to be carved in wood, 

e 2 



28 

and finished to imitate bronzed metal ; the vases on the mantle-piece 
are intended to be real metal, part bronzed and part or molu ; the orna- 
ments on the chimney-piece must be of metal gilt or pale lacquered, 
where the expense is considered ; the Decoration on the walls are on 
paper, and painted by hand. In Plate 148 the rustic frame is wood, 
carved and bronzed, the ornament at the top with its side ornaments 
are painted on the wall, with the other Decorations of the room ; the 
vases suspended from the frame are intended to carry lights, and may 
also be executed in wood and gilt; the vases on the mantle-piece are 
supposed to be real Etruscan. 

PLATE 14C). — Design for a Drawing Room in the Chinese Taste. 

This Design for an elegant Drawing Room comprehends the long 
side, containing the chimney-piece, which is made to represent a 
Chinese Temple : a large plate of glass fits exactly the space between 
the decorative pilasters of the room, against which Chinese Plants and 
Trees are fixed, carved in wood : a glass of similar dimensions and 
style being fixed on the opposite side of the room would produce a most 
pleasing effect from double reflection. As nothing contributes more to a 
real good effect than actual shadow produced by projection, the space on 
each side the chimney is made to recede, thus admitting of real archi- 
tectural decoration, as Columns, &c. which are after the Chinese taste. 
These Columns may be covered with scagliola, or imitation of marble ; 
the bases and capitals, as likewise the Decorations, are of gold : the 
opposite side of the room being in correspondence, will admit of twelve 
lamps for lights, in addition to the central chandelier, which may be 
uniformly suspended from brackets. In each recess should be an 
Ottoman. 

The walls in this apartment should be painted to answer in every par- 
ticular the window side, giving a Chinese landscape in the parts al- 
lotted to the windows, over which should be represented the Chinese 
blind or curtain when rolled up. The good effect of this Design 



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will depend much on the taste of the parties superintending its execution, 
who should be well versed in the Chinese style, and avoid introducing any 
species of ornament and arrangement not in accordance with this peculiar 
taste, which has been often improperly used in rooms too small and 
insignificant for any decoration to produce an imposing effect on the 
spectator. A room like this, set apart as a drawing-room, should be 
hung with rich one-coloured satin or velvet, the Chinese papers being 
better calculated for plain or secondary apartments : where expense is 
not spared and magnificence is required, a border might be worked in 
embroidery to surround each pannel : the carpets would answer best 
if made of the Wilton manufacture and of one colour, surrounded with 
a rich Chinese border, kept two feet from the wall. 

PLATE 150. — Drawing Room Decoration in the Gothic Style. 

This example has been composed under the same arrangement as 
the preceding Design, the only difference being in the style, which 
admits of more variety in point of finishing : for example, the 
walls of this room may be hung with satin or velvet, and covered 
with Gothic tracery work, carved and richly gilt; or the Gothic 
work might be executed in oak, the hollows being gilt, the wall or 
grounds picked-in a rich crimson colour. A rich candelabra might be 
placed with great propriety before each pier, joining the recesses.. 
Great care should be taken in fitting up apartments after this fashion 
to adopt an uniformity of ornament, and not to introduce any melange 
of dates and styles. The florid Gothic has been chosen in this Design 
from its light effect, in preference to earlier examples, which, however 
much bordering on the Grecian style, are too massive for interior Deco- 
ration. 

PLATE 151. — Boudoir with Ottomans. 

In this Design the whole decoration is after the antique. The man- 
tles on the walls are meant to be real, and of satin, muslin, or superfine 
-caesi-mere ; the borders worked in needlework or printed ; the staffs 



30 

m 

supporting the drapery are finished in matt gold. Ottomans occupy the 
four sides of the room ; the openings, as doors and windows, having- 
Chimeras on each side, executed in imitation of gold and bronze. The 
whole of this ornamental Design may be executed in water-colour, on 
the walls, by a skilful artist, with good effect. The floor should be 
covered with Wilton carpeting of a plain colour. 

PLATES 152 and 153. — State Drawing Room, shewing its Decoration 
and Furniture, ivitli a Section and Plan of the same. 

These Plates shew how essential architecture is towards producing 
grandeur of effect in an apartment of elegance and consequence, without 
which, although beauty may be obtained, a grand style never can be pro- 
duced. The business of Decoration being generally entrusted to the 
vender of paper-hangings, it is perhaps too much to expect any thing like 
arrangement or rule : the same happens repeatedly where the Decora- 
tion is entrusted to artists, who, although capable of producing good 
effects by the pencil, are totally unacquainted with any architectural 
rules by which to govern their proportions. A knowledge, therefore, 
of architecture, so far as relates to the general proportions of the Orders, 
as it gives a facility in making and arranging plans in proportion, be- 
comes indispensable to the Upholder as well as to the Architect. The 
knowledge of this science once obtained will produce a taste for uni- 
formity ; and its rules, which are the groundwork of so much method 
and precision, cannot fail of producing a pleasing effect in the per- 
formances of those who devote a portion of their time to its study. 

Of the present Design, the columns afford recesses, and give space 
for the reception of the Sofas, and thereby prevent them projecting 
into the room ; a recess is made also between the pilasters, opposite 
the chimney, in which is placed a marble Table, supported on Chimeras 
carved and gilt ; a subplinth is given to the columns and pilasters, equal 
to the height of the Chairs and Sofas, by which means the view of the 




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31 

architecture is preserved entire. In rooms of large dimensions, a 
Table placed in the centre may be stationary, round which should be 
placed four Chaises Longue, and at each angle a Candelabra to support 
candles or lamps. The Chairs placed in this room are also supposed 
to be stationary, lighter ones being dispersed about the room for use. 

A Drawing Room of such consequence should be hung with damask 
or velvet ; the shafts of the columns and parts of the architecture, sup- 
posed to be statuary marble, may be finished in white, highly polished ; 
the capitals and bases of the columns carved and finished in gold ; the 
ornaments in the pilasters and frieze, as well as the moldings of the 
cornice, &c. all in the same style. For the windows, the Curtains 
should be crimson, to suit the walls ; the Draperies blue, having a 
gold fringe to both : the opposite side to the windows being similar in 
its plan and arrangement, must have Draperies and Curtains attached 
to the walls behind the Sofas. The Glass over the chimney, is se- 
cured by the pilasters, and needs no other frame. The middle recess 
on this side of the Room, as shewn in the Section, is made into a 
window, having the Glass of one entire plate, without any sash bars : 
a plate of looking-glass slides within the wall, which at night is to be 
drawn over the. window; the Drapery round which is made en suite 
with the, side windows. The ceiling being painted as a sky, any Chan- 
delier suspended from it has been avoided ; instead of which, four 
smaller lights are hung from the soffit at the termination of the cove. 

In Plate 153 a plan is given, which shews the arrangement of the 
Chairs, Sofas, &c. in which Candelabri are placed in the angles of the 
room. In the geometrical elevation of the side of this apartment, the 
Chandeliers suspended from the cove are omitted, as they would have 
greatly confused the pilasters, and their effect is clearly shewn in the 
perspective view. On the same account the Candelabri in the angles 
of the Room have been omitted, their places being shewn in the Plan. 
The Carpet for this State Apartment should be of a plain colour in the 
middle, and of Wilton or Axminster manufacture: a rich border in 



32 

gold-colour might be worked round it, to answer the cove, and set two 
feet from the wall, to be clear from the furniture. 

Such a Room should not open immediately to the staircase; a circular 
or octangular vestibule is necessary, which should be fitted up equally 
well in its decorations, though plainer. At the opposite end should be 
a Withdrawing Room, opening likewise on a staircase, thus admitting 
the Company one way, and allowing their departure by another ; all 
which is easily arranged in houses built expressly for persons of fashion, 
and by which the confusion attendant on large assemblies may be 
greatly avoided. 

PLATES 154 and 155. — Moldings for Glass Frames, &c. 

The first of these Plates contains Designs for Picture and Glass 
Frame Moldings, with the whole of their decoration, and profiles at- 
tached to each. For Pictures^ all mixture 'should be avoided, the 
Frames executed solely in gold ; for Glass Frames, a mixture of bronze 
may be admitted. In Plate 155, the arrangement is given for the mitre 
angles, on which are placed blocks admitting over them an ornamental 
termination. Profiles are given for the respective Moldings of these 
Frames, affording sufficient explanation to the workman.. 

PLATES 156 and 15J.— Profiles for Moldings for Cabinet Worh. 

These Plates give an ample variety of Moldings for almost every sort 
of Cabinet Work, whether for cornices, filleting bands, or base mold- 
ings ; at the same time they furnish sufficient examples to the Cabinet- 
maker for compilation. It wilt be needless to point out the kind of 
material they should be made of: it will ever be subject to circum- 
stance and fancy. For general directions, the larger Moldings may 
be of mahogany, and the smaller in ebony or bronze : if the furniture 
be satin-wood, the larger members may follow the .same arrange- 
ment. 



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PLATE 158 Fretts. 

This elegant ornament, of ancient invention, makes the happiest De- 
sign for borders, whether for our walls or floors ; it is equally beautiful 
in friezes, and admits of being used as much by the Carver as by the 
Weaver or Printer. Nothing can be more appropriate, applied in 
narrow pannels, placed at the top and bottom of doors, to break their 
too great length. The Japanner and Painter will find in this ornament 
an endless variety, which, under skilful hands, may be conducive in 
producing a better proportion in Designs, otherwise defective from their 
too great length or breadth. 



THE END. 



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Printed by S. Gosnbll, Little Queen Street.